David ELDERFIELD (1810–1871)
His wife Mrs Mary ELDERFIELD, née Nichols (1809–1871)
Their son Charles ELDERFIELD (1845–1869)
* * *
Their son George ELDERFIELD (1840–1912)
George's wife Mrs Ann ELDERFIELD, née Barnes (1837–1914)
St Paul (St Barnabas) section: Row 34, Grave H20½ [St Paul ref. R31]
TO THE MEMORY OF
WHO DIED DEC. 3, 1869
AGED 24 YEARS
MOTHER OF THE ABOVE
WHO DIED NOV. 6, 1871
AGED 62 YEARS
HUSBAND OF THE ABOVE
WHO DIED NOV. 15, 1871
AGED 61 YEARS
[Two lines of biblical text]
The inscription to their son George Elderfield and his wife Ann is on the other side of this grave marker: see below
David Elderfield was born in Sutton Courtenay, Berkshire on 30 December 1810 and baptised there the same day. He was the youngest son of the farm labourer David Elderfield senior and Ann Radbone, who were married at Sutton Courtenay on 24 September 1791. His seven siblings were also baptised at that church: Leah (1792), Anna Maria (1793), Isaac (1795), Martha (1796), Sindiny (1798), Jacob (1801), and Jane (1804)
Mary Nichols was born in Abingdon in 1809, the “baseborn” daughter of Hannah Nichols, and was baptised at St Helen's Church there on 24 December. Mary herself also gave birth to an illegitimate daughter, Jane, at Ock Street in 1832, and when she was baptised on 29 July that year at St Helen's Church, the father was named as William Sandal, a cook of Oxford.
On 3 August 1835 at St Helen's Church, Abingdon, David Elderfield married Mary Nichols, and they had the following children. Their first child Eliza was born just before their marriage, and is described in the baptismal register as “begotten on the body of Mary Nichols”, with David Elderfield named as the father:
- Eliza Elderfield (born at Ock Street, Abingdon on 26 June 1835 and baptised at St Helen's Church on 9 August 1835, six days after the wedding).
- Anne Elderfield (born at Ock Street, Abingdon in 1837 and baptised at St Helen's Church on 23 July)
- George Elderfield (born at Ock Street, Abingdon on 7 March 1840 and baptised at St Helen's Church on 5 April)
- Charles Elderfield (born in Oxford in 1845 and baptised at St Thomas's Church on 27 April)
- Hannah Elderfield (born in Oxford in 1847 and baptised at St Thomas's Church on 28 March).
David Elderfield was a maltster, and he and his wife lived at Ock Street in Abingdon at the start of their marriage. At the time of the 1841 census Mary was working as a charwoman and was home in Ock Street with her daughter Jane (9), and her first three children by David Elderfield, namely Elizabeth (6), Ann (4), and George (1). David himself was not at home on census night, and is hard to locate.
By 1845 the family had moved St Thomas's parish in Oxford.
At the time of the 1851 census David (40), still a maltster, was living at Park End Street, Oxford with his wife Mary (41) and their four youngest children Anne (13), George (11), Charles (6), and Hannah (4), who were all still at school. Mary's daughter by William Sandal, Jane (18), who took the surname Elderfield, was working as a servant in the home of the maltster Thomas Dolley and his family in St Aldate's Street.
The eldest daughter of David and Eliza Elderfield was married in 1855:
- On 3 September 1855 at St Thomas's Church, Oxford, Eliza Elderfield (21) married Joseph Green (21), the son of the mason George Green: both were then living in Park End Street.
By the time of the 1861 census the family had moved to Jericho. David Elderfield (50) spent census night at Bridge Wharf in Titmouse (now Tidmarsh) Lane, where his work as a maltster was presumably based, while his wife Mary (52) was at home at 18 Albert Street with their four children: Anne (23); George (20), who was a carpenter & joiner; Charles (16), who was a bricklayer; and Hannah (14), who was a house servant. Elijah Noon junior, a plasterer of 22 and the son of Charlotte Noon, was lodging with them.
Their son George Elderfield was married in 1864: see below for more information.
In 1869 the new ecclesiastical district of St Barnabas was carved out of the St Paul’s district chapelry. People who died in this new parish continued to be buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery, but the burials were still recorded in the St Paul register until March 1871.
Their son Charles died in 1869:
† Charles Elderfield died at Albert Street at the age of 24 on 3 December 1869 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 9 December (burial recorded in the parish register of St Paul's Church).
Their daughter Hannah was married in 1870:
- On 31 October 1870 at St Mary the Virgin Church in Wheatley, Hannah Elderfield (23) married Richard Dore (23), a labourer, the son of the tradesman Benjamin Dore (who could not sign his name in the register). Her older siblings George and Anne were witnesses.
David Elderfield (60) was staying at the malthouse at Islip at the time of the 1871 census, while his wife Mary (60) was home at 20 Albert Street with her daughter Ann (31) and her married daughter Mrs Hannah Dore (24).
Mary and David Elderfield died within days of each other later that year:
† Mrs Mary Elderfield née Nichols died at Albert Street at the age of 62 on 6 November 1871 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 10 November (burial recorded in the parish register of St Barnabas's Church).
† David Elderfield died at Albert Street at the age of 61 on 15 November 1871 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 18 November (burial recorded in the parish register of St Barnabas's Church).
His effects came to under £200, and his executor was his son George.
The surviving children of David and Mary Elderfield
- Eliza Elderfield, Mrs Green (born 1835) was living in Sunbury, Middlesex in 1871: she described herself as a contractor's wife, but her husband Joseph was not at home. Her ten children were with her: Joseph junior (14), John (13), William (12), David (11), George (10), Eliza (6), James (5), Hannah (3), Sarah (1), and Thomas (four months). On the census night of 1881 Eliza (45) was again without her husband and was living at Clayton Street, Nottingham with James (14) and Hannah (13), plus five more children born in the previous ten years: Sarah (10), Thomas (9), Elizabeth (8), Helen (6), and Annie (4). She appears to be missing in the England & Wales censuses from 1891 onwards, and is believed to have emigrated to the USA.
- Anne Elderfield (born 1837), also recorded as Ann, was aged 44 in 1881 and working as the servant of Jane Turpin at 4 Norham Road. On 1 October 1883 at St Barnabas's Church, she married the widower Thomas Yates (60), the son of the labourer James Yates. Her husband died at 7 Wellington Street, Oxford six years later on 7 January 1890.
- George Elderfield (born 1840): see below
- Hannah Elderfield, Mrs Dore (born 1847) and her husband Richard Dore emigrated to Canada in 1874 with their first two children Elinor and Gertrude. By the time of the 1891 Canadian census Hannah (42) and her husband Richard (42), who was a plasterer, had five more children: Charles Dore (17), George Dore (14), Basil Dore (13), Maud Dore (7), and Nellie Dore (5). Hannah (also known as Anna) died there in 1928, and her husband in 1937, and they are buried in the Wesleyan Methodist Cemetery, Manotick, Ontario (Plot M9).
George and Ann Elderfield
TO THE MEMORY OF
WHO DIED JAN. 1, 1912,
AGED 71 YEARS.
ALSO OF ANN,
WIDOW OF THE ABOVE
WHO DIED JAN. 9, 1914,
AGED 75 YEARS.
This inscription to George Elderfield and his wife Ann was added to the reverse of his parents' headstone more than forty years later
George Elderfield was born in Abingdon on 7 March 1840, the son of David & Mary Elderfield, and became a carpenter & joiner: see above.
Ann Barnes was born in Oxford in c.1837 (according to her headstone), and her marriage certificate says that she was the daughter of the clerk Richard Barnes. She was slightly older than her husband, and her age on her marriage certificate appears to have been rounded down by several years. She is therefore likely to be the Ann Barnes, daughter of Richard & Mary Barnes, who was born at Great Clarendon Street and baptised at St Giles's Church on 3 March 1837. At the time of the 1841 census this Ann Barnes (4) was living at Little Clarendon Street with her father Richard, who was then a carpenter, her mother Mary, and her older siblings Mary, William, Charles, Elizabeth, and Susan. In 1851 Ann (14) was working as the only house servant of the widow Mrs Ann Hanks and her six children in Little Clarendon Street.
On 20 June 1864 at St Thomas's Church, George Elderfield (23) married Ann Barnes (recorded as 24, but probably 27): both were then living at Park End Street in that parish. They had seven children, but only three of them lived long enough to be baptised:
- Annie Elizabeth Elderfield (born at Great Clarendon Street in 1865 and baptised at St Paul's Church on 19 February; died aged two, and buried as Lizzie Elderfield at St Sepulchre's Cemetery on 20 August 1867)
- Lizzie Louisa Elderfield (born at Great Clarendon Street in 1868 and baptised at St Paul's Church on 19 July)
- Charles Elderfield (born at Great Clarendon Street in 1871 and baptised at St Paul's Church on 6 August).
At the time of the 1871 census George (30) and his wife Ann (34) were living at 32 Great Clarendon Street with their daughter Lizzie (3) and a lodger. They were still there in 1881, now also with their son Charles.
By 1891 their daughter Lizzie (22) was a dressmaker, and Charles (19) was an apprentice compositor.
Their daughter Lizzie was married in 1894:
- In 1894 (reg. fourth quarter) in the Headington registration district, Lizzie Louisa Elderfield married Joseph William Akers.
In 1901 George and Ann were still at the same address with their son Charles (29), now a compositor.
By 1911 George had retired, and their son Charles (39) was still living with them.
George Elderfield died in 1912:
† George Elderfield died at 32 Great Clarendon Street at the age of 71 on 1 January 1912 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 5 January (burial recorded in the parish register of St Barnabas's Church).
His wife Ann died two years later in 1914:
† Mrs Ann Elderfield née Barnes died at 32 Great Clarendon Street at the age of 75 (according to the headstone, not 71 as in the register) on 9 January 1914 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 13 January (burial recorded in the parish register of St Barnabas's Church).
The two surviving children of David and Mary Elderfield
- Lizzie Louisa Elderfield, Mrs Joseph Akers (born 1868) was living at 50 Medland Road, Bedford in 1901 with her husband, who was a watchmaker's manager. They were still there in 1911 with their only surviving child Elsie (13). Lizzie died in Bedford at the age of 47 in 1915.
- Charles Elderfield (born 1871) does not appear to have married. He was living at 50 Helen Road in west Oxford when he died at the Radcliffe Infirmary on 25 July 1935. His effects came to £100 1s. 6d.