Joseph HALE (1819–1881)
His wife Mrs Eliza HALE, née Hadley (1825–1866)
Their daughter Mrs Fanny Mary YOUNG, née Hale (1853–1931)
Their son Henry HALE (1856–1875)
Their daughter Rose HALE (1861–1870)
St Paul’s section: Row 4, Grave A9 (St Paul ref. G1)
LOVING MEMORY OF
WHO DIED JULY 31, 1881,
AGED 61 YEARS.
ALSO OF ELIZA,
THE BELOVED WIFE OF THE ABOVE,
WHO DIED JAN. 22, 1866,
AGED 41 YEARS.
ALSO OF ROSE THEIR DAUGHTER,
WHO DIED OCT. … 1870,
AGED 9 YEARS
AND OF HENRY THEIR SON
WHO DIED DEC. 13, 1875,
AGED 19 YEARS.
ALSO OF FANNY THEIR DAUGHTER
WHO DIED MARCH 26, 1931
AGED 78 YEARS
R. I. P.
Joseph Hale was born in Tingewick, Buckinghamshire in 1819 and baptised there on 17 October that year. He was the son of William Hale, a labourer who eventually became a farmer of 70 acres, and his wife Mary. At the time of the 1841 census Joseph was lodging in Market Street, Oxford in the home of the baker Edward Arnett, for whom he presumably worked: this was next door to the family of his future wife.
Eliza Hadley was born at Baker’s Alley, Oxford in 1825 and baptised at St Mary Magdalen Church on 29 May. She was the daughter of Jeremiah Hadley, a fishmonger, and Amelia Rose, who were married at St Mary Magdalen Church on 2 October 1820. She had three older siblings, but they all died in infancy. At the time of the 1841 census her parents were living in Market Street with four of her younger siblings: Sarah (14), Caroline (6), Fanny (3), and Thomas (1), but Eliza (15) was not at home.
Joseph Hale was already a baker in the corner shop at 6 Cardigan Street when on 13 August 1844 at St Paul’s Church he married Eliza Hadley, who was then also living in that street. They had thirteen children, of whom only five reached adulthood, and three of the girls’ names were used twice:
- Sarah Alice Amelia Hale, known as Alice (born at Cardigan Street in 1845 and baptised at St Paul’s Church on 5 October)
- William Joseph Hale, known as Joseph (born at 6 Cardigan Street in 1846 and baptised at St Paul’s Church on 25 December)
- *George Hale (born at 6 Cardigan Street on 6 March 1848, apparently not baptised); died aged seven months in October 1848
- *Fanny Mary Hale I (born at 6 Cardigan Street on 2 November 1849 and baptised at St Paul’s Church on 25 December); died aged thirteen months in March 1851
- *Amelia Mary Hale I (born at 6 Cardigan Street in 1851, birth does not appear to have been registered, and baptised at St Paul’s Church on 11 May); died December 1852
- Fanny Mary Hale II (born at 6 Cardigan Street in 1852 and baptised at St Paul’s Church on 4 July)
- Amelia Mary Hale II, known as Milly (born at 6 Cardigan Street in 1853, birth does not appear to have been registered,, and baptised at St Paul’s Church on 31 July)
- *Sarah Hale I (born at 6 Cardigan Street at the end of 1854 and baptised at St Paul’s Church on 1 October 1855); died aged eleven months in November 1855
- Henry Hale, known as Harry (born at 6 Cardigan Street in 1855/6 and baptised at St Paul’s Church on 30 March 1856)
- Sarah Hale II (born at 6 Cardigan Street in about August 1857 and baptised at St Paul’s Church near the beginning of October, entry incomplete); died aged three months in November 1857
- Eliza Hale (born at 6 Cardigan Street in 1858 and baptised at St Paul’s Church on 28 November)
- Rose Hale (born at 6 Cardigan Street in 1861 and baptised at St Paul’s Church on 23 June); died aged??? seven in October 1870
- *Jane Hale (born at 6 Cardigan Street in 1863 but not baptised at St Paul’s Church until 28 April 1864); died aged two in June 1865
* Between 1848 and 1865 these six children died in infancy,
and they were all buried together in a separate grave.
William continued to work as a baker at 6 Cardigan Street for the rest of his life. Their first two children, Sarah Alice and William Joseph survived to adulthood, but the next, George, died in 1848 aged seven months.
At the time of the 1851 census Joseph Hale (31), who was a baker, was living at 6 Cardigan Street with his wife Eliza (26) and their first two children Sarah Alice (5) and William (4), plus a 15-year-old servant girl, and they had a baker lodging with them. They lost four more infant children between 1852 and 1857: the first Fanny Mary and the first Mary Amelia (1852), the first Sarah (1854), and the second Sarah (1857).
At the time of the 1861 census Joseph (41) and Eliza (34) were living over the shop with their seven surviving children: (Sarah) Alice (15), William Joseph (14), Fanny Mary (8), Amelia Mary (7), Henry (5), Eliza (2), and baby Rose (one month). Again they had a 15-year-old servant girl, and a journeyman baker was lodging with them.
Their youngest child Jane died in 1865 at the age of two, and was the last to be buried in the separate children’s grave.
Mrs Eliza Hale died in 1866, and was the first buried in this new grave:
† Mrs Eliza Hale née Hadley died at Cardigan Street at the age of 41 on 22 January 1866 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 29 January (burial recorded in the parish register of St Paul’s Church).
Joseph Hale had lost his wife and six of his children between 1848 and 1866, and in the next two years was to lose his parents (his mother on 28 January 1867 and his father on 16 May 1868).
His eldest daughter was married in 1870:
- On 28 April 1870 at St Paul’s Church, Oxford, Sarah Alice Amelia Hale married Alexander Mackenzie, a Scottish draper who also lived in Cardigan Street, the son of the farmer John Mackenzie.
His daughter Rose died in 1870, aged seven, and as the Hale children’s grave was now full, she was buried here with her mother:
† Rose Hale died at Cardigan Street at the age of seven in October 1870 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 9 October (burial recorded in the parish register of St Paul’s Church).
At the time of the 1871 census Joseph Hale, a widower of 50, was still living over 6 Cardigan Street with his five surviving unmarried children: (William) Joseph (24), who worked with his father as a baker; Fanny Mary II (18); Amelia Mary II (17); Henry (15); and Eliza (12).
His son Henry died in Cardigan Street in 1875, aged 19, and again he was buried with his mother:
† Henry Hale died at Cardigan Street at the age of 19 on 13 December 1875 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 19 December (burial recorded in the parish register of St Paul’s Church).
His death notice in Jackson’s Oxford Journal read: “Dec. 13, in Cardigan-street, Jericho, after a short illness, Henry, second son of Mr. Joseph Hale, baker, aged 19.”
Joseph Hale’s third surviving daughter Amelia was married in London in 1880:
- On 8 June 1880 at Islington Church, Amelia Mary Hale married Henry Cambray, a wood carver and the son of George Augustus Cambray: both were described as living at 29 Parkfield Street in London.
At the time of the 1881 census Joseph Hale (60) was still working as a baker at 6 Cardigan Street, and was living there with his three unmarried children: (William) Joseph (34), who worked in the bakery; Fanny (28), who was his housekeeper; and Eliza (27) who worked in the shop. Two young bakers lived with them, and they had a servant.
Joseph Hale died later in 1881 and was buried with his wife and two of his children:
† Joseph Hale died at 6 Cardigan Street at the age of 61 on 31 July 1881 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 3 August (burial recorded in the parish register of St Paul’s Church).
His effects came to £1,454 15s.
Fanny Mary Hale II, Mrs Young (born 1852)
Fanny Mary Hale II, who was her father’s housekeeper until his death in 1881, was aged 32 and living in Albert Street when on 2 June 1884 at Ss Philip & James Church she married Arthur John Young, a 28-year-old printer of 9 Leckford Road. Their only child Arthur Harry Richard Young was born on 9 May 1885 and baptised at that church on 4 June.
At the time of the 1891 census Fanny (38) was living at 9 Leckford Road with her husband Arthur (35), who was a printer compositor, and their son Arthur (5). The situation was similar in 1901.
In 1911 Fanny’s husband Arthur (55) was a printer’s foreman and her son Arthur (25) was a printer’s reader, and the family employed a 16-year-old servant girl.
Her only son Arthur Harry Richard Young volunteered to enlist in the Royal Army Medical Corps on 23 November 1915 and served at a military hospital in Brighton and then at the Depot in Aldershot until he embarked for Mesopotamia on Christmas Day 1916. He served as an X-ray operator at the 21st Indian General Hospital, Amara from 20 April 1917 to 3 April 1919. He was detained in India on the way home and served at the No. 19 British General Hospital, Rawalpindi from 20 May to 4 September 1919. He was demobilized on 21 October 1919, and resumed work at Oxford University Press.
Fanny died in 1931, and was buried in her parents’ grave, fifty years after the death of her father:
† Fanny Mary Young, née Hale died at 9 Leckford Road at the age of 78 on 26 March 1937 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 30 March (burial recorded in the parish register of St Paul’s Church).
Her only son Arthur does not appear to have married. He died in Oxford in 1982 at the age of 97.
The other five surviving children of Joseph and Eliza Hale
- Sarah Alice Amelia Hale, Mrs Mackenzie (born 1845), known as Alice, was living at 34 Cardigan Street in 1871 with her husband Alexander, who was still a draper. In 1881 she was lodging at 101 Cardigan Street with her children Joseph John (9), Alice Elizabeth (6), Rose (4), and Horatio Ross Hale (2), and her husband was away. By 1891 Sarah was living at 44 Rhodeswell Road in Mile End, London, with her husband, who was now a bottle merchant, and their daughters Alice (16) and Rosa (14), who were both apprenticed to a cigar manufacturer, and her son Horatio (12). She was still at the same address in 1901, when she was a widow of 55, and she ran a grocer’s shop there, and her children Rosa (23) and Horatio (21) were still living with her. Sarah died in the Greenwich district near the beginning of 1929 at the age of 84.
- William Joseph Hale, known as Joseph (born 1846) took over the baker’s shop at 6 Cardigan Street after his father’s death, and married Betsey Emma Jessop at St Paul’s Church on 24 January 1883. He is buried with his wife and his mother-in-law Mrs Emma Jessop: for more information on his life, see separate grave.
- Amelia Mary Hale II, Mrs Cambray, known as Milly (born 1853) was living at 40 Munster Square, St Pancras, London in 1881 with her husband Henry, who was a wood carver, and their daughter Clarice (six months). In 1891 they were living in Leyton, Essex with Bertie (7), Augustus (6), and Charles (4). By 1901 they had moved back to Oxfordshire and were living at New Street, Deddington with Bertie (17) and Augustus (16), who were carpenters; Henry Cambray now described himself as a wood & stone carver. In 1911 Henry and Amelia were living alone at High Street, Deddington, and of their four children, only Bertie and Augustus were still alive. Amelia died at the Horton General Hospital, Banbury at the age of 76 on 17 October 1929. Her effects came to £757 13s. 10d., and probate was granted to Francis Cambray, gentleman.
- Eliza Hale (born 1858) was still living at Cardigan Street when on 21 December 1882 at Holy Trinity Church in St Ebbe's she married the baker Harry Honour of 7 Cromwell Street. At the time of the 1891 census Eliza (33) was living over their shop at 1 Crescent Road, Cowley with Harry (32) and their children Phyllis (3) and Joseph (1), plus a general servant. Her husband Henry died at the age of 35 and was buried in Cowley churchyard on 31 August 1894. Eliza continued to run the shop, and In 1901 was living there with her children Phyllis (13), who was already described as an assistant shopkeeper; Joseph (11); Alice (9); and Rose (7). A journeyman baker also lived with them. In 1911 just Eliza and her daughter Rose (17) were at home managing the shop. Eliza died at 1 Crescent Road on 10 June 1932 and is probably buried in Cowley with her husband. Her effects came to £1,069 14s. 9d.