Edward Pickard HALL (1808–1886)
His wife Mrs Annie HALL, née Ralph (1814–1892)
Their daughters Alys HALL (1853–1883)
and Mary Ellen Pickard HALL (1840–1914)
St Paul section: Row 2, Grave A13 [St Paul refs. J.1 for parents and 1.JK for daughters]
[Above] IN LOVING MEMORY OF / EDWARD PICKARD HALL M.A. /
BORN JUNE 3, 1808. DIED NOVEMBER 6, 1886.
THE SOULS OF THE RIGHTEOUS ARE IN THE HAND OF GOD.
[Below] ALSO OF ANNIE, HIS WIFE /
WHO FELL ASLEEP ON NOVEMBER 6, 1892 /
THOU WILT KEEP HIM IN PERFECT PEACE WHOSE MIND IS STANDING IN THEE
On triangular head of vault, shown at foot of page]: MARY ELLEN / 1914 / OCT. 21
Edward Pickard Hall was born at Worcester on 3 June 1808 and baptised at St Swithin’s Church there. He was the son of John Vine Hall, editor of the Maidstone Journal and Kentish Advertiser, and Mary Teverill. He had two younger brothers: John Vine Hall junior (born 1813) and Christopher Newman Hall (born 1816).
Anne Ralph (known as Annie) was born at Bow (Cheapside), London in 1814, the daughter of James Ralph, Esq.
On 13 April 1836 at St Mary Le Strand, Westminster, Edward Pickhard Hall married Anne Ralph, and they had thirteen children:
- Edward Vine Hall (born in Maidstone on 11 June 1837)
- Charles Frederick Hall (born in Maidstone on 11 December 1838)
- Mary Ellen PIckard Hall (born in Maidstone on 22 May 1840)
- James Ralph Hall (born in Maidstone on 31 May 1843)
- John Vine Hall (born in Maidstone on 9 January 1845)
- Emily Anne Pickard Hall (born in Maidstone on 27 July 1846)
- Eleanor Martha Hall (born in Maidstone on 31 October 1847)
- Frank Henry Hall, later known as Francis (born in Thornham, Kent on 6 June 1849)
- Sarah Maria Hall (born in Barming, Kent on 15 November 1850)
- George Herbert Vine Hall (born in Barming, Kent on 15 February 1852; died aged two months on 19 April 1852)
- Alice or Alys Hall (born at Banbury Road, Oxford on 26 October 1853 and baptised at St Giles’s Church on 27 November)
- Arthur Pickard Hall (born at Banbury Road, Oxford on 26 July 1855 and privately baptised by St Giles’s Church on 26 August)
- Mary Louisa Hall (born at Banbury Road, Oxford on 1 May 1857 and privately baptised by St Giles’s Church on 18 May).
At the time of the 1841 census, Edward Pickard Hall was a bookseller, living in Bank Street, Maidstone with his wife Annie and their first three children, plus an apprentice bookseller and two female servants. His first contact with Oxford may have been when his eldest son Edward went to board at New College School as a chorister in about 1844.
By the time of the 1851 census Hall was the proprietor and editor of the Maidstone Journal and the family had moved to a house called Scraces in Barming, near Maidstone. Another five children had been born in the previous ten years, and again they had two female servants. Two children were missing: Edward (13) had moved on from New College School to be a chorister at Magdalen College School and was living in its boarding house at 38 High Street, Oxford; and Charles (12) was now a chorister at New College School, boarding at 29 Holywell Street, Oxford.
In 1853 Edward Pickard Hall moved his whole family to Oxford when he became a partner of the Clarendon Press: he and Henry Latham originally had four shares each, while Thomas Combe had eight.
Oxford University Press (the Clarendon Press) in 1833. The Bible Press was in the
south wing (left), and the Learned or Classical Press in the north wing (right)
Hall’s three youngest children were born in Oxford, and five of his sons were to become undergraduates at the University, starting with his eldest son Edward Vine Hall, who was matriculated from Magdalen College on 27 July 1855 at the age of 18, and his second son Charles, matriculated from The Queen’s College on 30 May 1856, aged 17.
The 1861 census shows the family living at 1 Park Place (the name then given to the south part of the Banbury Road), with Hall’s occupation given as “Partner & Chief Manager Of The University Bible Press employing 47 men and 97 boys”. They had two servants. Eight of his children were at home: Edward (23), who was working as a tutor; Mary Ellen (20); James (17), Frank (11), Sarah (9) and Alice (6), who were at school; and Arthur (5), and Mary Louisa (4). Charles (22), who was now an undergraduate at Oxford, was staying with his widowed grandmother, Mrs Mary Hall (74) at St Pancras in London.
On 21 October 1862 Hall’s third son, James, was matriculated at the University of Oxford from Merton College at the age of 19; and on 20 October 1868 his fifth son, Frank, was matriculated from Corpus Christi College at the age of 19.
By 1871 Edward Pickard Hall (62) was described as the University Printer. He now lived with his family in South House (left) in the University Press Yard (the quadrangle of the press buildings facing Walton Street), following the retirement of the previous Printer James Wright to Park Town. There were two conjoined managers’ houses here, and Thomas Combe lived next door to him in North House until 1872.
Hall’s daughter Emily (24) was the only member of the family at home here on the night of the 1871 census, plus two servants. His wife Anne spent census night at the Royal Crescent, Brighton with her unmarried son Frederick (32) and Eleanor (24).
On 19 October 1874 Hall’s youngest son, Arthur, was matriculated at the University of Oxford from Keble College at the age of 19. Five of his sons were now Oxford men, and on 6 March 1877 Hall himself, who was now senior managing partner of the Clarendon Press, was created an Honorary M.A. by the University.
At the time of the 1881 census Hall (71) was still working as Printer to the University, and so the family was still living at University Press Yard. This time the only child at home with them was Mary Louisa (23).
Oxford University Press quadrangle, c.1905
Their daughter Alys died in 1883:
† Alys Hall died at the family home at the University Press on 9 March 1883 at the age of 29 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 13 March in a double plot evidently reserved for the future use of other members of the family.
By 1884 Hall had completed thirty years at the Clarendon Press: his working hours had always been 6 a.m. to 6 p.m., and outside working hours he instructed up to eighty boys at night school; and at weekends he organized games on Saturday afternoons, Sunday school on Sunday afternoons, and singing classes at his home for the compositors in the evenings. So when that year he was summarily dismissed by the Delegates of the University Press at the age of 76, it came as a shock. His dismissal was largely at the behest of Benjamin Jowett, Manager of the University Press, who wanted to appoint an innovator. Hall wrote to Professor Bartholomew Price, the Secretary (Chief Executive) of the Delegates, “The blow to me and to my family is unspeakably painful.” He is said to have “faced poverty in old age”; but none the less his family was able to move to a large north Oxford house, at 23 Norham Road, and continued to maintain two servants.
Hall died in 1886:
† Edward Pickard Hall died at 23 Norham Road on 6 November 1886 at the age of 78 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 10 November (burial recorded in the register of St Paul’s Church).
The following obituary appeared in Jackson’s Oxford Journal on 13 November 1886:
THE LATE MR. E. PICKARD HALL
On the evening of Saturday, Nov. 6th, a distinguished citizen was taken from us. Mr. Edward Pickard Hall was born at Worcester on the 3rd of June, 1809, and was therefore in his 79th year. His father Mr. John Vine Hall, was the compiler of “The Sinner’s Friend,” a little book which has obtained a circulation of more than three million copies. He derived his name PIckard from his grandmother, a niece of the Rev. Edward Pickard, one of the founders of the Orphan Working School. On leaving school, Mr. E. P. Hall was associated with his father in the conduct of the Maidstone Journal and Kentish Advertiser, which he edited for more than twenty years. Devoted to music and Church work, he was for some years voluntary Choirmaster and Organist at St. Peter’s, Maidstone, and afterwards Precentor of All Saints, the collegiate Parish Church of that City. On removing to Bearsted he found the singing in Church led by the schoolmaster’s flute, but soon obtained the substitution of an organ. Two years later he went to East Farleigh, then under the charge of the Rev. Henry Wilberforce. Here he acted as Organist and Choirmaster, and was in other ways most helpful to a Vicar whom he much esteemed. During this period of his life he was actively engaged in many public duties, undertaking, amongst other honorary offices, the Secretaryship of various Agricultural and Horticultural Societies, as well as of the Maidstone Board of Health, and of the Irish Famine Fund, &c.
In 1853, Mr. Hall became one of the partners of the Oxford Clarendon Press, and so continued until 1884. Besides supervising the discipline of the Institution, he took charge of the Boys’ Night School four nights a week in the winter months, and directed the Men’s Brass Band, and the Boys’ Drum and Fife Band. Mr. Hall assisted in founding the Oxford Churchmen’s Union, was for many years a member of its Council, and for some time the Lay Honorary Secretary. In this connection he was associated with the Rev. W. D. Macray in the management of those Saturday Evening Entertainments at the Town Hall, which are now resumed under other auspices. He was also, for some time, President of the North Oxford Working Men’s Club, to which he gave lectures, readings, and concerts. For many years he was an ardent Volunteer, and in 1866 was appointed Captain of one of the Companies, which consisted largely of employés at the Press. Mr. Hall greatly valued the various tokens of respect from time to time from those whom he had tried to serve. Among these may be mentioned the acknowledgement of his services as a first volunteer organist at St. Giles’s Church, where a barrel organ reigned as late as 1863. But that which he regarded as the crowning honour of his life was the presentation to him of the Honorary Degree of M.A. by the University of Oxford, on March 6, 1877, and his subsequent association with Keble and with Hertford College. While he lived at the Clarendon Press he was a generous helper to all good works at St. Paul’s, and one the most regular worshippers at its daily services. On removing to the Norham Road, in St. Philip’s Parish, he gave his aid and presence to the different organizations of that Church, of which he was sidesman when he died.
He was buried at St. Sepulchre’s Cemetery on Wednesday, the 10th inst., at a quarter-past one in the afternoon. The funeral was conducted by the Rev. E. C. Dermer, assisted by members of the St. Philip’s choir. The service in the Chapel commenced with the singing of verses of the hymn “Saviour, blessed Saviour.” The lesson was read by the Vicar of St. Paul’s, the Rev. W. B. Duggan. As the coffin was taken out of the Chapel (covered with wreaths and crosses, including one from the Press Band, one from the churchwardens, and one from the congregation of St. Paul’s) the choir sang the Nunc Dimittis. Among the large company of mourners at the funeral were a great number of members of the Press, with a deputation to carry the coffin from the Chapel to the grave, the Provost of Queen’s College, Professor Montagu Burrows, Dr. Biggs, Professor Bartholomew Price, Mr. L. Gell, Mr. Horace Hart, the Rev. W. Lock, Rev. A. Butler (Oriel), Rev. Mr. Spurling (Keble), Rev. E. L. Balmer, Mr. Wilson (Oriel), the Rev. G. Lewis, the Rev. F. Brown, &c.
Mr. Hall was author of an “Index to the Authorised Version of the Bible,” and also of a short “History of Printing.” He was married in 1836 to Anne, daughter of James Ralph, Esq., who survives him, with their six sons and five of six daughters.
His personal estate came to £16,988 2s. 7d.
At the time of the 1891 census his widow, Mrs Annie Hall (76) was living on her own means at 23 Norham Road with her unmarried daughters Sarah (40) and Mary Louisa (33), plus a cook and a parlourmaid. She died the following year:
† Mrs Annie Hall died at 23 Norham Road on 6 November 1892 at the age of 78, and was buried with her husband in St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 9 November (burial recorded in the register of St Paul’s Church).
Her personal effects came to £4,348 18s. 1d., with probate granted to three of her sons: the Revd Edward Vine Hall, the Revd Francis Henry Hall, and James Ralph Hall, solicitor.
Her daughter Mary Ellen Pickard Hall was boarding at 74 St John’s Park, Blackheath at the time of the 1911 census. She died in 1914, and her body was brought to Oxford for burial with her parents:
† Miss Mary Ellen Pickard Hall died at 74 St John’s Park on 21 October 1914 at the age of 74 and was buried in St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 24 October (burial recorded in the register of St Paul’s Church).
Her effects came to £1,774 18s. 4d., and probate was granted to her sister Miss Mary Louisa Hall and to Miss Elizabeth Griffin.
The ten surviving children of Edward Pickard Hall and his wife Annie
- Edward Vine Hall (born 1837) was the Vicar of Spring Grove, Middlesex from 1870 to 1878, as well as an author and composer. On 19 May 1870 in the Newton Abbot district of Devon he married Annie Louisa Digby (born Ireland in 1837). She was 43 when they married, and they do not appear to have had any children. At the time of the 1881 census they were living at 13 Deanery Lodge, Worcester with their nephews Charles E. Hall (8) and Colin A. Hall (both born in India), and had a cook, housemaid, and nurse. In 1901 Edward was living at the Vicarage, St John Street, Bromsgrove with his wife and two servants. He died at 1 Keble Road, Oxford at the age of 72 on 7 July 1909. His effects came to £3,109 12s. 3d., and his executors were his wife Annie and the Revd Francis Henry Hall.
- Charles Frederick Hall (born 1838) joined the Indian Civil Service and was a magistrate and collector in Bengal from 1861 to 1868. He was back in England early in 1871 and married Caroline Ely (born in Rochester in 1851) at Stoke Newington on 6 July 1871. They evidently returned to India, where their sons Charles and Colin were born in 1873 and 1875 respectively. At the time of the 1901 census he was retired from the Indian Civil Service and boarding with Caroline at the Marine Hotel, Salcombe. He died in Oxford on 13 June 1902 at the age of 63. His effects came to £9,551 12s. 2d.
- James Ralph Hall (born 1843) became a barrister at the Inner Temple in 1869. In 1882 at Reading he married Laura Meyrick (born in Chisledon, Wiltshire in 1854/5), and they had five children: their daughter Gwendoline Hall was born in Reading in 1883/4, and the others were born in Broughton-in-Furness, Lancashire: Ralph Meyrick Hall (1885), Irene (1886/7), Evelyn (1888/9), and Oswald (1890). At the time of the 1891 census they were living at High Cross, Broughton-in-Furness with their five children and three servants, and James (47) was described as a solicitor & tithe steward. By 1901 they had moved to Sea View, Broughton-in-Furness, and James was a Solicitor in the Supreme Court; the situation was the same in 1911, when only Gwendoline (27), who was a teacher, was with them. James died in Kent on 24 October 1927, aged 84.
- John Vine Hall (born 1845) [not be confused with his uncle Captain John Vine Hall of Maidstone, born 1813) emigrated to Australia and was described as “probably the best-known shipping identity in Sydney”. He and his wife Alice had at least nine children in Sydney: Godfrey Hall, Selwyn Hall Oscar Hall, Roger Vine Hall (1878, killed at Gallipoli), Annie Dorothy Vine Hall (1884), Austin Pickard Vine Hall (1886), Noel F. Vine Hall (1888), Douglas John Vine Hall (1891), and Mona Hall (1893, died the same year). John Vine Hall died at Wollstonecraft, Sydney on 25 October 1932 at the age of 87: obituary.
- Emily Anne Pickard Hall (born 1846) is hard to trace after 1871.
- Eleanor Martha (Pickard) Hall (born 1847), who became known as Eleanora, died at 13 Canterbury Road, Oxford on 3 January 1932 at the age of 84. Her effects came to £3,963 18s., and probate was granted to the Public Trustee.
- Frank Henry Hall (born 1849) never married. At the time of the 1911 census he was living at Oriel College, Oxford, where he was a tutor. He died in Oxford on 22 March 1923, aged 73. His effects came to £21,867 4s. 3d., and his executors were his brother Arthur and his solicitor.
- Sarah Maria Hall (born 1850) was living on private means with her younger sister Mary Louisa at 24 Norham Road with just one servant (a cook) at the time of the 1911 census. She died at 13 Canterbury Road on 3 January 1931 at the age of 80. Her effects came to £4,569 11s. 11d., and probate was granted to her solicitor.
- Arthur Pickard Hall (born 1855) married Edith Sarah Nash at St Helen’s, Kensington on 12 July 1904. He was the Vicar of Marcham, near Oxford, until his retirement at the age of 75 on 1 July 1924. He died at Craig Var, Highfield, Headington on 28 July 1934. His effects came to £7,873 14s. 7d., and his executors were his widow and his solicitor
- Mary Louisa Hall (born 1857) was living at 24 Norham Road with her sister older Sarah in 1911. She died at 5 Church Walk, Oxford on 30 January 1954 at the age of 96, outliving her other siblings by 23 years. Her effects came to £9,662 17s. 7d., and probate was granted to Barclays Bank.