Charles HOLLOWAY (c.1816–1878)
His son George HOLLOWAY (1842–1875)
St Paul’s section: Row 33, Grave H13½ [St Paul ref 30.M]
OF WALTON STREET
WHO DIED APRIL 13, 1878,
AGED 62 YEARS.
SON OF THE ABOVE
WHO DIED OCT. 16, 1875
AGED 33 YEARS
FOR BY GRACE ARE YE SAVED.
See also separate grave of Charles Holloway’s grandson George Mansell Holloway (1868–1889) and his daughter Mrs Hannah Draper, née Holloway (c.1836–1889)
Charles Holloway was born in Emsworth, Hampshire in 1815/16, the son of the weaver William Holloway.
On 15 October 1833 at St Peter-le-Bailey Church in Oxford, when he was aged only about 18, Charles Holloway married his first wife, the widow Mrs Charity Douglas (born in Oxfordshire in about 1810), who signed her name with a cross. They had the following children:
- Hannah Holloway (born in Church Street, St Ebbe’s, Oxford on 15 January 1836 and recorded in the Dissenters Birth Registry; probably received into the Commercial Road Baptist Chapel)
- Jane Holloway (born in St Ebbe’s, Oxford in 1838/9, reg. first quarter of 1839)
- Mary Sophia Holloway (born in Oxford in 1840, reg. fourth quarter)
- George Holloway (born in Oxford in 1842, reg. third quarter)
- Henry Holloway (born in Oxford in 1844, reg. fourth quarter)
- Charity Ann Holloway (born in Oxford in 1846, reg. second quarter).
Charles was a tea dealer in Friar Street, St Ebbe’s at the time his first child was born at the beginning of 1836. At the time of the 1841 census Charles was working as a debt collector and was living in Commercial Road, St Ebbe’s with his wife Charity and their first three children: Hannah (5), Jane (2), and Mary (seven months).
Charles Holloway’s first wife Charity Holloway died at Paradise Square, Oxford at the age of 40 near the end of 1850 and her funeral was at St Ebbe’s Church on 26 December: she is likely to have been buried in Osney Cemetery.
Hence at the time of the 1851 census Charles Holloway was a widower. He was working as an accountant and living at Paradise Square with all six of his children: Hannah (15), who doubtless had to look after the younger children; Jane (12), Mary Sophia (10), George (8), and Henry (6), who were at school; and Charity Ann (4).
Early in 1852 in Oxford, Charles Holloway married his second wife, Mary Anne Wheeler.
Just four years later on 5 August 1856 Charles's second wife Mary Anne Holloway died. The following death notice appeared in Jackson’s Oxford Journal on 9 August: “August 5, aged 48, after a protracted illness, which she bore with the greatest Christian resignation, Mary Ann, the beloved wife of Charles Holloway, accountant, Paradise-square.” She is probably buried in Osney Cemetery.
Two years later, on 16 September 1858 at St Andrew’s Church, Hagbourne Charles Holloway (43) married his third wife Elizabeth Higgs, the 44-year-old daughter of the carpenter William Higgs of Hagbourne (then in Berkshire).
Two of Charles's daughters were married in the early 1860s:
- In the first quarter of 1860 in Oxford, Jane Holloway married James Nix;
- In the second quarter of 1861 in Warwick, Hannah Holloway married George Williamson Draper.
At the time of the 1861 census Charles and his third wife Elizabeth were living at 24 Pembroke Street, St Ebbe’s with four of Charles’s children by his first wife: Mary (20) was a shopkeeper; George (18) and Henry (16) were both bookbinder’s apprentices; and Charity Ann (14) was still at school. Also living with them was Elizabeth’s nephew William Butler, a 25-year-old butcher.
Charles's eldest son George Holloway
In the first quarter of 1865 at St Giles's Church in London, George Holloway married Eliza Mansell, and they had two children:
- Jessie Eliza Holloway (born in Brighton in 1866, reg. fourth quarter)
- George Mansell Holloway (born in Brighton in 1868, reg. third quarter)
George’s wife Eliza Holloway died at Longwall Street, Oxford at the age of 35 in 1870 and was buried on 2 July: her burial is recorded in the register of St Peter-in-the-East Church, so she was probably buried in Holywell Cemetery.
In 1871 George Holloway (28), now a widower, was still living in Brighton in 1871 (at 19 Trafalgar Street) and working as a bookbinder. His sister Charity Ann Holloway (24) was living with him, probably looking after his children Jessie Eliza (4) and George Mansell (2), with the help of a servant.
His sister Charity was married in Brighton less than two months later:
- On 1 June 1871 at Brighton, Charity Ann Holloway married Samuel Banfield, only son of the late George Banfield of Ship Street, Brighton, and the marriage was announced in Jackson’s Oxford Journal.
Charles’s eldest son George must have come back to Oxford between 1871 and 1875, as he died there in the latter year at the age of only 33:
† George Holloway died at Plantation or Kingston Road at the age of 33 on 16 October 1875 and was buried in St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 21 October (burial recorded in the parish register of St Giles’s Church).
The parish register states that he died at Plantation Road aged 33, with the age matching that on the headstone, but his death announcement in Jackson’s Oxford Journal on 23 October 1875 stated: Oct. 16, in Kingston Road, Oxford, George, son of Mr. Charles Holloway, of Walton-street, and late of Brighton, aged 34. His end was peace." It is odd that his burial is recorded in the parish register of St Giles's Church when he appears to be in this grave in the St Paul's section of the cemetery.
His sister Charity Ann Banfield died in Brighton at the age of 30 on 24 October 1876, four years after her marriage, and her death was announced in Jackson’s Oxford Journal.
Two more of Charles Holloway's children were married in the 1860s:
- In the second quarter of 1866 in the Clifton district, Henry Holloway married Rebecca (or Rebekah) M. Perrett;
- On 6 October 1868 at St Ebbe's Church, Oxford, Mary Sophia Holloway married the butcher John Lindsey (the son of the butcher William Lindsey) both were then living in Pembroke Street.
In 1871 Charles (55) and Elizabeth (56) were living alone at 26 Walton Street, and Charles now described himself as a retired accountant.
Charles died in Oxford in 1878:
† Charles Holloway died at 26 Walton Street at the age of 62 on 13 April 1878 and was buried at St Sepulchre’s Cemetery on 18 April (burial recorded in the parish register of St Paul’s Church).
His death was announced in Jackson’s Oxford Journal on 20 April. He left a sizeable personal estate of nearly £20,000.
His third wife Elizabeth Holloway went back to her home village of Hagbourne, where she died at the age of 63 on 26 June 1877. She was was buried at St Andrew’s Church, Hagbourne on 29 June, with her death announced in Jackson’s Oxford Journal.
Surviving children of Charles Holloway and his first wife Charity
- Hannah Holloway, Mrs Draper: see separate grave
- Jane Holloway, Mrs Nix (born 1838/9) was aged 22 and living in Alfred Street, St Giles at the time of the 1861 census with her new husband James Nix (25), who was a Post Office clerk. In 1871 they were living at 22 Castle Street with their children James Charles Nix (9), Francis William Nix (7), Philip Wamsley Nix (5), Kate Holloway Nix (2), and Arthur Douglas Nix (1). In 1881 they were living at 24 Pembroke Street with three more children: Louisa Jane Nix (6), Ernest George Nix (2), and Lillie Marian Nix (eight months). In 1891 and 1901 they were living at 21 Warnborough Road. Jane Nix died in the Headington registration district at the age of 83 near the beginning of 1923.
- Mary Sophia Holloway, Mrs Lindsey (born 1840) was living in Middle Way, Summertown (then called George Street) in 1871 with her butcher husband John Lindsey and daughter Ada Mary Lindsey (1). By 1911 they had moved to 11 South Parade where they lived with their four spinster daughters: Ada Lindsey (41) was a governess, Eleanor Lindsey (38) and Harriett Lettice Lindsey (37) had no occupation, and Grace Holloway Lindsey (30) acted as clerk to her father, who was still working as a butcher. Mary Sophia Lindsey died in the Headington registration district at the age of 86 in 1927.
- Henry Holloway (born 1844) was a 26-year-old bookbinder at the time of the 1871 census, living at Upper Berkeley Street in Marylebone, London with his wife Rebekah (29) and their first three children. In 1881 at the age of 36 he was described as retired, and living in Yardley, Worcestershire with his wife and first eight children: Walter Henry Holloway (14), Annie Rebekah Holloway (12), Frederick William Holloway (10), Amelia Holloway (9), Albert Edward Holloway (7), Charles Thomas Holloway (5), Rhoda E. Holloway (2), and Miriam Holloway (1). Henry was dead by 1891 his widow was living in Wallingford with four of their children, including two born since the last census: John Thomas Holloway (7) and Edith Julia Holloway (4). Another daughter Miriam appears to have been brought up by her aunt in Oxford.
The two children of George & Eliza Holloway
- Jessie Eliza Holloway (born 1866) was at a boarding school in Lewisham in 1881 when she was an orphan of 14. In 1891 she was living with her aunt Mrs Hannah Draper at 1 Penarth Villas, Chalfont Road, and was described as being of independent means. She married Francis Richard Hall in Oxford in the third quarter of 1892. In 1901 she and her husband (described as a retired draper at the age of 40) were living at Van Diemen’s Land in Littlemore with their children Mabel Kate Hall (13), Edgar Francis Hall (12), Katie Alice Hall (11), Ethel Jessie Hall (7), and Gladys Ruth Hall (1). They were still there in 1911: her husband now described himself as a poultry farmer, and they had another son, Cecil George Hall, born in 1904. Jessie Eliza Hall died at the age of 57 in the Headington registration district in 1924.
- George Mansell Holloway (born 1868): see separate grave